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Music must be swallowed by movement.

History: The word rumba comes from the Spanish word rumbear which means to party. Rumba originated from Cuba and contains both African and Caribbean influences due to the importation of African slaves to South America and the Caribbean. In its original form the rumba was very fast, extremely erotic, and totally uninhibited. The woman would perform sensuous movements of the hip, chest, and shoulders to lures the man in and then she backs off when he takes her seriously. The Cubans refined this version to be less uninhibited making it slower and less overtly flirtatious, giving birth to the dance known as the son. A few of the other versions of the rumba include: beguine, bolero (very slow & lilting), calypso, columbia (male solo dance), danzon (slower than son), guagira, guaguancó (male pursuit, women run), guaracha, jambú, naningo, and yambú (very slow, no much hip movement). 

The rumba reached the United States in the late 1920s and was again toned down. There is a rumor that Arthur Murray was the one who watered down the rumba because he did not believe that we would ever want to move our hips like the Latinos. 

The dance still retains the sexual flavor, with the woman alternating between trying to lure the man in with her sexual charms and keeping the man at bay, and the man showing his masculinity and trying to entice the woman to do his bidding. 

The Rumba is a dance that tells a story of love and passion between a strong, male lover and a coy, teasing woman. Full of sensual movements, the Rumba is considered by many to be the sexiest of the ballroom dances. "Rumba" is a term that refers to a variety of dances or a "dance party." This dance of love is one of the most popular ballroom dances and is seen around the world at nightclubs, parties, weddings and dance competitions. 

Rumba Characteristics
The Rumba is a very slow, serious, romantic dance with flirtation between the partners. The dance is fun to watch, as many of its basic dance figures of the dance have a teasing theme in which the lady flirts with and then rejects her male partner, often with apparent sexual aggression. The Rumba spotlights the lady's rhythmic body movements and hip actions resulting in intense, almost steamy, scenes of passion. 

History of Rumba
The rumba is often referred to as the "grandfather of the Latin dances." Originating in Cuba, it first came to the United States in the early 1920s. The Rumba is the slowest of the five competition Latin and American dances. 

Rumba Action
The distinctive hip movement, called Cuban Motion, is a very important element of the Rumba. These hip movements and characteristic sways of the Rumba are generated by the bending and straightening of the knees. The intensity of the Rumba is increased by sharp eye contact that is maintained between the man and the woman. The stillness of the upper body, while adding dramatic intensity, also emphasizes the strong, sensuous leg and foot movements. 

Distinctive Rumba Steps basic rhythm of the Rumba is quick-quick-slow with distinctive side-to-side hip movements. Hip movements are exaggerated, but are not generated by the hips - they are simply a result of good foot, ankle, knee and leg action. When these weight transfers are well-controlled, the hips take care of themselves. Distinctive Rumba steps include the following: 
  • Fan 
  • Hockey Stick 
  • Alemana Turn 
  • Aida 
  • Open Hip Twist 
  • La Elenita 
  • Fencing Line 
  • Hip Rolls 
  • El Paseo




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